Why Learn Morse Code and How

 Why Learn Morse Code and How

Morse code was originally created in the 1830s to use as a quick, and straightforward way of communicating over a long distance. There are two sounds used in morse code (dits and dahs) that are used in different combinations that each represent a letter of the roman alphabet. When written, these sounds are represented as dots and dashes but it can also be used with light.

As a prepper I believe that it is important to understand and learn multiple ways of communication. Using morse code to send distress signals can save your life as has been proven time and time again throughout history.

How to Learn Morse Code

Morse code, like anything, will take practice and the more practice that you can put in to learning it, the easier it will become. Below you will find some tips to help you on your way as well as some good resources that I believe will be of help.

Start Simple

When starting out it is best to start by learning the simplest of letters from the alphabet such as E, T, M, and I. These are the only letters that use one or two dits and dahs and do not combine the dits and dahs.

  1. E (. or dit)
  2. T (- or dah)
  3. M (– or dah dah)
  4. I (.. or dit dit)

From there, the next easiest step is to move onto the simple dit and dah combinations, those using only 2 or 3 dits and dahs such as the following:

  1. A (.- or dit dah)
  2. D (-.. or dah dit dit)
  3. G (–. or dah dah dit)
  4. H (…. or dit dit dit dit)
  5. K (-.- or dah dit dah)
  6. N (-. or dah dit)
  7. O (dah dah dah)
  8. R (.-. or dit dah dit)
  9. S (… or dit dit dit dit)
  10. U (..- or dit dit dah)
  11. W (.– or dit dah dah)

Finally, ending with the more difficult letters like C, L, Q, and X, that combine 4 dits and dahs in no particular “order”. The more difficult letters are as follows:

  1. B (-… or dah dit dit dit)
  2. C (-.-. or dah dit dah dit)
  3. J (.— or dit dah dah dah)
  4. L (.-.. or dit dah dit dit)
  5. F (..-. or dit dit dah dit)
  6. Q (–.- or dah dah dit dah)
  7. P (.–. dit dah dah dit)
  8. V (…- or dit dit dit dah)
  9. X (-..- or dah dit dit dah)
  10. Y (-.– or dah dit dah dah)
  11. Z (–.. or dah dah dit dit)


Some people prefer to learn morse code via sound and to be honest, I believe it to be the best way of learning. However, some people have a much easier time to learn visually. If this is the case, you can print or write out a copy of the morse code alphabet. Spend time to copy each letter multiple times a day.

Listen as Often as You Can

Thanks to modern technology, it is now even easier than ever to listen to morse code wherever you are. Use this to your advantage and use these to help with your learning.

This is especially important for learning the timing and spacing between letters and between words, as well as being able to instantly and effortlessly tell the difference between a dit and dah length of time.

Places to Help

Do you know Morse code? Are you familiar with any other good resources I missed here? Leave a comment and let me know.

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1 Comment

  • If you don’t have hours to spend to learn Morse Code, or can’t convince your family to do so, there’s an easier (but slower) code called Tap Code, which you can learn in a minute or two, as many soldiers have. You can send messages by flashing a mirror or piece of glass or even aluminum foil to reflect sunlight to someone in the distance, even miles away as long as they can see the flashes. Or flash a light at night. Or tap on a wall or even blink, any countable signals. To send the letter of a word, first tap (or flash) through the letters A F L Q V, stopping at the one which is before the letter you want to send (or the same as it), then pause, then tap through the alphabet from that point. For example, to send the word “HELP”, you tap twice (A F), pause, tap three times (F G H) and the receiver writes down the H. Then you tap once (A), pause, then tap five times ( A B C D E) and he writes down the E. Then you tap three times (A F L), pause, and tap once (L) and he writes down the L. Finally you tap three times (A F L), pause, and tap five times (L M N O P) and he writes down the P. You can use X for a period and Q for a question mark. Use the letter C instead of K: asc. If you make a mistake and need to start a word over, tap eight times. Sometimes people have even blinked secret messages in Tap Code! It’s also known as A F L Q V code for obvious reasons.

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